Summers Here! Time To Throw Steaks On The Grill

Charcoal grilling

Summer is finally here. And that means warmer weather and longer days of sun. So, it’s the perfect time to get out of the kitchen and spend more time outdoors…grilling steak of course! Instead of heating up the kitchen, fire up the grill and get ready for some summer steak. Whether you have a charcoal grill or gas barbeque, here’s how to enjoy grilled steak this summer.

Charcoal Grilling

Charcoal grills come in all sizes, which is ideal if you only have a small backyard or garden space. Grilling over charcoal gives steak a rich and smoky flavor that you won’t be able to duplicate on a gas barbeque.  It also takes a bit more patience to cook over a charcoal grill, but the end result of a moist and juicy steak is well worth it.

Choosing the right cut of steak

It’s really about choosing any cut – any cut of steak tastes delicious cooked over charcoal. Some great options are a New York strip or a rib eye. Look for cuts that have a good marbling of fat to ensure juiciness and a buttery flavor.

Prepping the steak

Remove the steak from the fridge about 20 minutes before grilling. Season well with salt and pepper, giving the seasoning time to set into the meat, enhancing the flavor. If you want additional flavor, season the meat with a summer rub made with paprika, minced onion, minced garlic, and ground coriander.

Heat up the grill

Light up the charcoal, allowing the coals to heat. Once the charcoal is hot and ready to grill, build up the coals to one side of the grill to create a direct hot zone, leaving the other side of the grill as the “cool zone”.

Cooking steak over coals

Place the steaks on the grill over the hot zone – cook for about two to three minutes until the outside of the meat is nicely seared. Flip over and sear the other side for another two to three minutes. Then move the steak to the cool zone of the grill and cook until done. Use a meat thermometer to get the cook you want:

  • Rare: 120-125F
  • Medium: 125-135F
  • Well done: 140F

Serve with a summer salad and grilled corn.

Gas Barbeque Grilling

Cooking on a gas barbeque is fast and easy. Just heat up the grill and start cooking any cut of steak.

Warm up the steak

Steak needs be taken out of the fridge before cooking on a gas grill – otherwise if you put cold steak on a hot grill the outside will burn before the interior is cooked to perfection.

Marinade and season the steak

Summer marinades are a nice way to add extra flavor to steak. It’s also a good way to add tenderness to less choice cuts of meat such as a flank steak or those steaks that don’t have enough marbling. Here’s the perfect summer marinade – 3 tablespoons tequila mixed with olive oil, fresh lime juice, coarsely chopped garlic, and a dash of Tabasco sauce. Spread over the steak and chill for about 15 to 20 minutes, taking the steak out of the fridge to warm up before grilling.

Cooking BBQ steak

Make sure the grill is good and hot before cooking the steak. The high heat is going to quickly sear the steak, sealing in the juices. Then move to a less hot area of the grill and cook until done.

Grilled steak goes well with grilled vegetables and a baked potato.

Take advantage of the summer weather to grill steak outdoors. And when you’re ready to treat yourself to a great steak dinner that someone else has prepared for you, come spend an evening with us at Rib’N Reef.

The Best Cigars to Enjoy Outside This Summer

Cigar lounge montreal

Summer is approaching, and there is a lot to look forward to. Longer days, warmer weather, and more time to relax are all on our list of reasons to be excited for the season. Of course, if you love cigars, summer has another meaning for you too: it’s time to enjoy a smoke in the warm, pleasant outdoors. But when at the best cigar lounge in Montreal, what cigar should you take out this summer after a barbecue, day at the pool, or other outdoor adventure?

Uppman 50


Uppman is one of the oldest and most respected names in cigars. These 50-gauge double robustos are just over six inches long and pack some intense flavour. With strong woody notes and smooth leather with suggestions of vanilla, this cigar is a perfect fit for cool summer nights. Hints of spice and fruit make it a wonderful dinner smoke.


Flor De Claro


The first thing you will notice about the Flor De Claro is the rich, striking green colour of its Candela wrapper. Few cigars used Candela wrappers, making this a unique treat. Candela tobaccos are known to be sweet, spicy, earthy, and just a bit grassy. The Nicaraguan binder and Dominican leaf filler combine with the wrapper to create a solid cigar that is rich in flavour. The Flor De Claro is an incredible cigar to enjoy poolside or in the shade on a hot day.


Romeo Y Julieta Short Churchill


Romeo Y Julieta is known for reliably fantastic cigars and the Short Churchill is no exception. At just under 5 inches and a 50-ring gauge, the Short Churchill has all the flavour and power of its lengthier counterparts. This robusto brings a delicious woody flavour that is strong without being overpowering. This is the perfect cigar for a late-night smoke under the stars.


Nub Cameroon


The Nub Cameroon is a striking 60-gauge cigar that is just four inches long. A Cameroon wrapper holds delicious Nicaraguan tobacco, giving a balanced smoke. Flavours of sweet earth and smooth nuttiness abound with this cigar. This is a fine afternoon smoke, perfect for a sunny day enjoying the breeze. It pairs well with a wide variety of foods and drinks too.


Davidoff Demi-Tasse


The Demi-Tasse hides immense flavour in a small package. A 22-gauge cigar measuring four inches, this light cigar is perfect as an aperitif or digestif smoke. These delicate cigars offer all the flavour of their larger counterparts in a pleasant, 20-minute session. The Demi-Tasse features tobacco from Brazil, Indonesia, and the Caribbean, rolled in an Indonesian binder and decorated by a smooth Sumatran wrapper. The light, refined flavour of the Demi-Tasse is reminiscent of leather, cocoa, cedar, sweet spice, and caramel.


Enjoying Cigars in a Fine Dining Atmosphere


Nothing beats enjoying a fine cigar over a delicious meal. This is even truer in the beautiful summer months. The Rib’N Reef is the perfect venue for all three. Check out our full menu of exquisite cigars, wines, and hand-prepared meals for yourself.

How to Celebrate During National Beef Month

Steak Meat

April has come to a close, and it’s the greatest time of the year! Well, it might not be the absolute greatest, but it’s still pretty great. May is National Beef Month, and it’s the perfect time for it. With the days growing longer and summer approaching, there are all sorts of ways to celebrate our favourite meat.


Of course, summer and beef mean one thing: it’s time to barbecue. But there are also so many other ways that you can make this month special. So, grab your grill fork and your table fork and get ready to celebrate this May.

Buy Local Beef.


Recent years have seen a rise in encouragement to buy local, but many people don’t think about doing this with meat. There are a huge number of benefits to buying local, farmer-raised beef. For one, you support local businesses in your community. For another, farms are frequently in danger of losing out to the bigger competition. It’s always a great idea to support local farms when you can, and that includes the meat that you eat. However, there are more practical reasons to buy locally too. Farmers often give you more variety of cuts of meat and a better price point for the best ones.

Learn About a New Marinade or Rub.


If you love to cook or grill, there’s no better time to challenge yourself to expand your knowledge. You can find entire books and websites devoted to all the rubs and marinades you can use for your next steak. Of course, if you’re feeling adventurous, you can always try something new. Maybe even you would never usually put on your menu. Try a porterhouse with some lemon-and-thyme butter, a grapefruit and habanero flank steak, or adobo sauce and orange juice. There’s a whole world of flavour combinations that are waiting.


If you’re feeling especially adventurous, take some time to learn about the ways that people cook steaks all around the world. Try wrapping a steak in lettuce before popping it on the grill, a Korean specialty. Or cook it with papaya skins, which contain an enzyme that breaks down meat fibres for an extra tender steak.



May isn’t just National Beef Month, it’s also National Barbecue Month. With school graduations and Mothers’ Day, there are many reasons to have your friends over for a great meal. With the weather warming, you’ll have the sunshine and the long days to enjoy too. And of course, it’s the perfect way to combine all the items on this list.


If you’re looking for the perfect way to celebrate beef in May, just follow these tips. Buy local beef, get experimental with your cooking, and invite all your friends to enjoy it with you.


Of course, if grilling isn’t your style, you can also stop in to the Rib’N Reef for the most delicious steaks you can find in Montreal. After all, as a steakhouse, May is our favourite month!

3 Tips for Choosing the Perfect Cut of Steak

Best steak in Montreal

There is an art to creating the best steak in Montreal. From the way you prepare it to the way you cook it, each step is approached with attention and precision. The result is a mouthwatering testimony to your work and skill… and, of course, it’s a great meal.


But cooking the perfect steak starts with a very important element: choosing the perfect cut of meat. This is the foundation of what could be an unforgettable meal, so don’t underestimate its importance. Here are three tips for choosing the perfect cut of steak.

Consider the Thickness.


When you are standing in the grocery aisle, you might well be bewildered by the different types of steaks. In fact, you might even wonder if there is really that much of a difference between them all. The answer, of course, is yes. One of the most fundamental things about choosing a steak is deciding on the thickness. While some people like thinner steaks, they can be a little trickier to cook. Their size means that there might be just a few moments’ difference between a tender steak and a tough, overcooked slab.


If you need a little more wiggle room, a thicker steak is key. What is more, thicker steaks often are juicier and more tender cuts, which of course is exactly what you want.

Consider the Fat.


Fat is one of the most important elements of cooking. When you’re cooking a steak, it’s extra important. When selecting the cut of meat that you want, take a look at the streaks of white running through the meat. This is called marbling, or, more simply, fat.


It’s important to choose a cut of meat that has plenty of fat distributed evenly throughout the muscle. You’re looking for slim lines of marbling, not thick slabs or uneven chunks. Even though fat itself is important, the way it’s dispersed is one of the key ingredients in a tender, delicious steak.

Know Your Anatomy.


More specifically, know what part of the animal each cut of meat comes from and whether it suits your purposes. This requires a little bit of homework. In time, you’ll learn the difference between T-bone, porterhouse, filet mignon, rib eye, sirloin, strip, and more. Each of these cuts of meat has its own pros and cons when it comes to texture, flavour, and cooking. Are you looking for a cut of meat that is versatile and gives great results with multiple cooking methods? A strip steak might be the best way for you to go. Want to throw something on the grill and get a steak that’s a balance of smoky and tender? A rib eye is a great choice.


There is a learning curve to choosing the perfect cut of steak, and no chef gets it right the first time! However, with these tips, you’ll learn how to choose a delicious steak in no time. If you want to learn more about how to cook a perfect steak, visit Rib’N Reef to try one off our menu.

Wait a minute – Dessert Wines?

Dessert wine

Rib n Reef would not be considered the best Montreal steakhouse if we did not offer the complete package. Needless to say, desserts are an important part of this package.


When you think of wine, you may imagine a bottle of Riesling to go along with your seafood dinner, or a hearty red wine to accompany your favorite cut of steak. You may even imagine a hard day at the office, and the salivation that happens at the mere thought of a glass of wine once you walk in the door. But believe it or not, there is a whole class of dessert wines that can cap off any good meal. Dessert wine, which gets its name from being extra sweet, is produced using extra sweet wine grapes – to make these grapes sweet, the fermentation process is stopped right before the yeast turns the grape sugar into alcohol. At vineyards across the globe, this fermentation process is stopped by “super-cooling” or adding brandy to the wine. Either way, the end result is pretty sweet (literally.) Although there are so many different dessert wines, they generally fall into five distinct styles: sparkling, lightly sweet, richly sweet, sweet red, and fortified.


Sparkling dessert wine, which has an abundance of bubbles and high acidity, taste less sweet then they actually are because of those two qualities. Some grape varieties smell sweeter than others, and there is a wide array of flavors and profiles that come from sparkling dessert wine. Some labels given to sparkling dessert wine include amabile (slightly sweet in Italian,) Doux (sweet in French,) and Moelleux (this means sweet on some French wine labels.)


Lightly sweet dessert wines are perfect for a hot summer day – they are refreshingly sweet, and often have less acidity than sparkling dessert varieties. These wines are dripping with fruity flavors that pair well with vanilla-based desserts, but also pair well with fruit-based desserts. Many of these wines are of German origin, including Riesling and Gewürztraminer. Another lightly sweet wine, Müller-Thurgau, is a lesser-known German variety.


Richly sweet wines are made with very high quality grapes and are produced in an unfortified style (meaning the fermentation process was not interrupted.) These wines can age for 50 or more years (unlike Riesling, which is best served fresh,) because of their sweetness and acidity. Ice wine, or Eiswein in German, is extremely rare and expensive because it is produced from grapes that have been frozen over and are often harvested at night. This variety is rich, honeyed, and very sweet.


Although the sweet red wine is on decline because of commercialization by inexpensive brands (such as Barefoot,) there are still a number of Italian varieties that are worth trying and are made with esoteric grapes, such as Lambrusco, Brachetto d’Acqui, and Recioto della Valpolicella, which is incredibly bold and rich.


Last, we have fortified wine – because this wine is often mixed with brandy to impede the fermentation process, it will have a higher alcohol percentage; so watch out if you have already consumed wine with dinner and plan on driving home! These wines, which include Port and Sherry, have bold, rich flavor profiles that make them a perfect end to a meal.

The Best Wine and Seafood Combinations

Wine and Seafood Combination

Everybody knows that Rib n Reef has the best steak in Montreal, but our Seafood is pretty great too. When you think of the best foods for summer, a few things may come to mind – whether it’s a salad with fresh dressing, a glass of white wine, or a steak cooked in a loved one’s backyard, your taste buds will surely be salivating. But during the summer, seafood (including fish and caviar) may be the best bet when combating the heat.


The fresh, vibrant flavors of tuna tartare and salmon tartare are perfect for summer. Because these dishes (which are hand chopped and served at your table) are rich and tuna has a fatty quality, Sauvignon Blanc pairs perfectly with tuna tartare. For salmon tartare, which has a different yet equally delicious taste, Sauvignon Blanc and Riesling are perfect matches. For these dishes, you want to avoid ordering or a wine with residual sugar or pronounced fruitiness, as this will distract from the dish’s flavor. If you loved tuna tartare at the restaurant, you can make your own at home to dazzle your dinner guests. You will need:


– ½ sheet gelatin
– 1 avocado
– 3 ounces yuzu juice
– 1 small red onion, finely diced
– 1 lime, juiced
– Sea salt and black pepper, to taste
– 8 ounces sashimi grade yellow fin tuna, diced into ¼-inch cubes
– 2 radishes, thinly sliced
For the dressing, you will need:
– 1 tablespoon wasabi powder
– 1 tablespoon mustard, Dijon-style
– ½ cup extra virgin olive oil
– ½ cup white balsamic vinegar
– 1 teaspoon Sriracha sauce
The dressing for this recipe can be prepared the day before you serve the dish, and is prepared by simply whisking all of the ingredients together. The full recipe can be found here.


Aside from tuna and salmon tartare, another perfect summertime appetizer is calamari. The sweet-tasting squid, which is floured and fried, pairs perfectly with wines with a bright, citrusy flavor such as Pinot Noir or Chardonnay. In this case, you want the wine you select to play off of the fried flavor of the calamari – you want to avoid ordering any wines that are too dry, or heavy wines like Cabernet Sauvignon that may overpower the taste of the dish. Another perfect appetizer, Oysters Rockefeller, tastes perfect with a vintage Sauvignon Blanc. The fruity profile of this wine pairs well with the baked oysters.


Once you’ve moved past appetizers, there are still a number of seafood options you can order for lunch or dinner – and are equally perfect for hot or tepid days alike. If you order a halibut filet, which has an excellent yet briny flavor profile, pair it with a Riesling or Chardonnay – the vivid, tangy flavors will play off the shellfish well. More hearty fish, such as salmon and halibut, have a flavor profile that can accommodate both white and lighter red wines.

A beginner’s guide to DIY steak rubs

Steak Rub

Steak already tastes delicious on its own, or simply sprinkled with salt and pepper. But to take your steak game to the next level, why not experiment with steak rubs you can make at home? By combining simple ingredients (many of which you can find around your house,) you can quickly create a plethora of flavors for your next barbeque or grilling session. It is important to note that any of the below options for DIY steak rubs have different flavor profiles – and the rubs can be used depending on what kind of flavor you’re looking for, or the occasion you’re serving the meat for.


For grilled or smoked meats, you can create a “sweet rub” for your steak, using a combination of sweet and savory ingredients. Below is a starter recipe you can use as-is, or adapt to whichever ingredients you have on hand/would like to use.


  • ½ cup brown sugar
  • 2 tablespoons coarse sea salt
  • 3 teaspoons cracked black pepper
  • 3 teaspoons of paprika (you can use mild or hot, whichever you prefer)
  • 3 teaspoons of garlic powder (avoid using garlic salt, as you’ve already added salt earlier) you can also use fresh, minced garlic
  • 3 teaspoons onion powder
  • 1-2 teaspoons ground mustard
  • 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 1 dash of basil


In addition to “sweet” rubs, there are also savory rubs, which are perfect for everyday cooking and special events alike. Even though many rub recipes say to add X amount of any given ingredient to the mix, you can pick and choose which ingredients you would like more or less of depending on your personal taste.


  • 4 tablespoons coarse sea salt
  • 1 tablespoon cracked black pepper
  • 1 tablespoon dehydrated onion
  • ½ tablespoon oregano
  • ½ tablespoon garlic
  • ½ tablespoon red pepper flakes
  • ½ tablespoon thyme
  • ½ tablespoon rosemary
  • ½ tablespoon coriander
  • 1 teaspoon mustard seed

Both of these recipes can be kept in an airtight jar after initial use, because each batch makes enough rub for about 20 steaks, depending on how much seasoning you usually add. If your guests love the rub you’ve made, you can always give some to take home with them or even gift it for birthdays or Father’s Day. When paring these steak rub recipes with other foods, be sure to keep the type of steak rub you’ve used when serving other dishes. If you’ve used a sweet rub, shy away from serving too much sweet fruit (even though it’s summer,) so your meal isn’t tipped towards the sweet side of things. In terms of summertime drinks, you can pair these recipes with wine (depending on the cut of steak) or mixed drinks. Steak rubs offer the perfect opportunity for you to get adventurous with ingredients, and utilize spices you may have growing in your garden or greenhouse during warmer months. Experiment away, and see which rub recipe is best for you!

Perfecting your Summer Barbecue

BBQ for Summer

Now that we’re in the heart of summer barbecue season – you may be asking yourself, “how can I throw the best summer bash?” Whether you’re celebrating a birthday, marriage, or anniversary, a summer barbecue is the best way to entertain guests with a whole slew of steak cuts and (plenty) of cold drinks. Many people make the mistakes when throwing a barbecue, so it’s best to keep a few things in mind when planning your party.


As we’ve written about before, selecting the right cuts of steak for your barbecue is important  but as the year goes on and temperatures change, it’s important to realize how your meat selection should change as well. Just as you wouldn’t serve Moscow Mules in the blistering July heat, you wouldn’t want to serve a very fatty cut of steak during the summer either – keep your cuts mean, lean, and full of summertime flavor. Even though your steaks arrive perfectly from the butcher, many people overlook adding rubs to their meat; this can greatly reduce the amount of flavor in the food you serve. Adding flavor to your steaks is incredibly easy – all you need are herbs, citrus, butter, or any combination of the three you wish to add. Some people also add caramelized onions to their steaks to add an extra layer of flavor. Because it is the summer, citrus flavors like lemon pair very well with summertime cuts. Because steak is often the “star” of your barbecue, some hosts forget about the other food they will serve to go along with the fresh meat. But contrary to popular belief, other food options aren’t as difficult as you may think. While your grill is already working to cook your steaks, corn on the cob is a summertime favorite. You can even experiment with different flavors, such as adding parmesan cheese or different kinds of butter. For guests that may be vegetarian or vegan, one of the biggest (and most obvious) mistakes you can make is not having anything for them. Grilled peppers, salad, and even vegetarian burgers can be great substitutes for the cuts you’re preparing for the rest of your guests.


Where some guests may be vegetarian or vegan, some of your guests may also not drink. Serving non-alcoholic drinks such as freshly-made lemonade or different sodas can give your guests who don’t drink alcohol options. For those who do drink, creating cocktails for each person may become laborious – for larger summer gatherings, you can create a punchbowl-style drink that can serve many guests at once. You can do this by adding different alcohol, juices, and fresh fruit to create a delicious beverage. Even though it is stressful to think about – there is one circumstance that can negatively impact your barbecue – rain. If you were planning on grilling/hosting guests outside, rain could make this very difficult. Luckily, there are many options for indoor grilling, such as an electric grill top or grilling pan.

Did your barbecue get rained out? What to do next

BBQ with rain

Often, life doesn’t go as planned. Whether you arrived late at the airport and missed your flight, forgot your anniversary, or planned a barbecue but it began to rain uncontrollably, these setbacks can often bring on headaches and embarrassment. Luckily, for the latter of these incidents, there are many steps (or alternatives) you can take to rectify the situation.


So you started up the grill, purchased two pounds of beautiful porterhouse steaks, and have bottles of vino ready to pour, but right as your guests arrived the heavens opened up in a torrential downpour. “What do I do now?” you may ask yourself. Bringing your barbecue inside may seem like a large obstacle to overcome, but with the right tools and mindset, can be accomplished in routine time.


Grilling inside is very, very feasible – but don’t forget, you’re still grilling. Although this may sound trite, many indoor grillers walk away from their pans and return to find burnt meat or even fires. When grilling inside, it’s important to remember that fumes and smoke won’t be carried away with the wind; these fumes and columns of smoke will rise to the ceiling of your kitchen and have the potential to set off fire alarms (which isn’t exactly a good thing while entertaining guests.) Indoor grilling pans can’t drain liquids as well as outdoor grills, so baste your cuts sparingly and be sure to drain any excess liquid from marinated meats. To lessen the amount of smoke produced by your cuts, be sure to trim excess fat off of steaks and chops before putting them into a pan.


You have two main options for indoor grilling – in a grill pan, or on an indoor electric grill. One of the best ways to simulate an outdoor grilling experience while inside is by using an indoor electric grill (such as this one ) As opposed to other indoor grilling techniques, this grill has elevated grates over a heating surface, so the food you cook is closer in taste to that of a grill. Because the heated surface is raised as opposed to in a pan (another common method for indoor grilling) you don’t have to worry about trapped moisture or grease that has the potential to catch on fire. If you don’t have an electric grill and are in a pinch, you can use a grilling pan. The indents in the pan can give cuts of meat that signature grilled “look,” and produce a similar flavor profile. As mentioned before, however, watch out for trapped moisture that can steam your meats as opposed to grilling them. Just be consciences while using a grill pan.


All in all, a rained-out barbecue isn’t the end of the world, but you have to know how to adapt to not being able to use your outdoor grill.

Marinades and cocktails to step up your dinner party game

Marinate Steak

Grilling is an inevitable part of the summer – although this may sound like an ominous thing to say, inevitable doesn’t carry any negative connotations in this scenario; who doesn’t love a steak during the summer? But when faced with hosting an evening Soirée, spicing up your steaks (literally) with a fresh, summertime marinade can make all the difference. In addition to marinades, pairing your steaks with tropical cocktails can leave unmeasurable smiles on your guests’ faces.


There is no one-step process for marinating a steak – there are seemingly thousands of iterations of spices and dressings you can use to increase your cuts’ flavor. During the summer, however, avoid using hearty dressings. Take advantage of fresh herbs, spices, and citrus while they’re in season! Adding lemon juice to your marinade can accent your steak’s flavor, and herbs such as fresh basil, white pepper, minced garlic, or even orange zest can add a pop of flavor to your cuts. A few hours before grilling your steaks, fill up a plastic bag or baking dish with your desired combination of dressings and spices – don’t over-do it, though. Steaks are already packed with robust flavors, and drowning them (for lack of a better word) can mask some of those naturally-occurring flavors.


Where there are delicious cuts, there is bound to be an ample supply of drinks for your guests. It’s important to note that it’s summertime, so avoid drinks that you would serve in the dead of winter. Look, I enjoy a Moscow Mule as much as the next person does, but there is a time and place for that soul-warming beverage. For summertime, as mentioned before, take advantage of fresh fruits and seasonal ingredients to craft the perfect beverage. There are a few drinks, however, that you should avoid when serving steak, solely for the reason that they don’t pair well with meat. Although the summer heat begs for the refreshing taste of a margarita, drinks containing tequila don’t match well with steaks because of their acidic nature. Look for something more along the lines of a Manhattan or Old Fashioned – something that puts hair on your chest, but doesn’t distract from the steak. When all else fails, have a cooler full of beer handy.


Although these may seem like loosey-goosey suggestions for your dinner party, they are anything but. What these suggestions entail is you putting a little more thought into your party. Yes, serving steaks and wine is a very refined choice to begin with, but taking that extra step will pay off (and your guests will notice, too.) If you’re unsure about what you should be serving, or what drinks to pair with your choice steak cuts, ask someone. Don’t fall into the trap of being someone who is afraid of asking for advice or guidance when having people over. Whether you’re looking for a marinade recipe or the perfect cocktail to serve, asking a bartender or store clerk may set you on the right path.